The exploration, construction, operation and maintenance of mines can cause a change in land use and may have associated negative impacts on the environment, such as deforestation, erosion, pollution and alteration of soil profiles, pollution of local streams and wetlands and an increase in the level of noise, dust and. Our work shows that the impacts of mining are not gender-neutral. Women tend to experience the negative impacts of mining more than men and rarely receive the benefits that men receive. Over the years, Oxfam has conducted many case studies on the impacts of mining.
We also recognize the dispossession of land and its continuing effects on First Nations peoples today. Effects of natural factors on the spatial distribution of heavy metals in soils surrounding mining regions. It represented a significant improvement in the recognition of occupational pneumoconiosis, but it limited the pathogenic effect of silica to pneumoconiosis.