Fiat money is a currency that has no intrinsic value and is established as legal tender by government regulation. Traditionally, currencies were backed by physical commodities such as silver and gold, but fiat money is based on the solvency of the issuing government. Emphatically, the dollar is not a fiat currency. Fiat currency doesn't exist at all.
The dollar remains a substitute for gold and, as a substitute for gold that is still functioning (but increasingly inflated), that essential link with the past through gold remains intact. For that reason alone, prices still make some sense from an economic point of view, and the global economy is basically still functioning. Some currencies also replace gold in their own right, while a central bank has a certain amount of gold reserves that support them, for example, the euro. The gold standard is a monetary system in which paper money can be freely converted into a fixed quantity of gold.
According to the gold standard, the supply of gold cannot keep up with demand and is not flexible in difficult economic times. S and several European countries stopped selling gold on the London market, allowing the market to freely determine the price of gold. Considering gold as a currency and trading it as such can mitigate risks compared to paper money and the economy, but we must be aware that gold looks to the future. As a competitor to gold, the exchange rate of silver to gold fluctuates continuously, depending on its supply and demand relative to gold.
No country currently subscribes to the gold standard, although some still have enormous amounts of gold reserves. After the collapse of the gold standard, fiat currency became the preferred alternative to the gold standard. However, in 1971, the President of the United States, Richard Nixon, introduced a series of economic measures, including the cancellation of the direct convertibility of dollars into gold due to the decline in gold reserves. The gold standard is a monetary system in which a country's currency or paper currency has a value directly linked to gold.
The only thing that competes between these gold substitutes are their comparative rates of inflation with respect to the gold they replace, which is why all of these currencies have lost almost all their value in gold since 1971.If the dollar can no longer be exchanged for any amount of physical gold, withdrawing money from a gold or silver ETF in dollars will be of no use to its holders, who are not powerful banks authorized to exchange baskets of gold or silver from a given ETF. Gold coins were not the perfect solution, since a common practice in the centuries to come was to cut these slightly irregular coins to accumulate enough gold that could be melted into ingots. Its purpose is to give the government the exclusive ability to increase the supply of gold substitutes in order to extract value from them as substitutes for gold and take that value away from you. On the contrary, nations with trade deficits saw their gold reserves decrease as gold left those nations as payment for their imports.
It abandoned the gold standard in 1971 to curb inflation and prevent foreign countries from overburdening the system by exchanging their dollars for gold.